methods of mining platinum

methods of mining platinum

Platinum Mining and Refining Education

2018-1-28  Modern Platinum Mining Techniques. Most of the mining for platinum ore occurs deep underground. To extract the mineral-rich materials, miners pack explosives into holes drilled in the rock and blast it into smaller pieces. The broken rock is then collected and transported to the surface for processing.

Ranking the efficiency of selected platinum mining

2009-8-26  The South African platinum mining industry is using a number of different mining methods, including variations of the same method, to extract the narrow reef tabular platinum deposits of the Bushveld Complex. These mining methods fall into three broad categories, namely conventional, mechanised and hybrid mining.

platinum mining, mining of platinum, platinum,

2021-3-24  The mining of platinum ores is alike gold mining. The platinum orebody is a thin, tabular reef covering a vast area. This enables a progressive method of mining which includes the drilling of the reef and blasting it to advance the face. It combines the increased use of industralization and trackless-mining methods in steps. Platinum mining, however, differs from gold mining in different ways. Platinum reefs

Digging deeper: Mining methods explained Anglo

We use this for mining platinum. Large scale mechanised mining methods we use include: long-wall mining, where a long wall of coal is mined in a single slice, usually by a large machine. sub-level-caving, where levels of the ore are blasted by explosives; and

platinum mining and extraction methods by Greg

2014-1-15  The mining of platinum ores is similar to gold mining inasmuch as the orebody is a thin, tabular reef covering an extensive area. This enables a progressive method of mining - the reef is drilled and blasted to advance the face, support being installed for local control of the hanging wall.

Two Rivers Platinum Mine: the orebody, the mining

2016-2-16  The mining method is a mechanized bord and pillar layout, which will yield a total of 185 000 tons at full run of mine production from the underground UG2 mine. 152 PLATINUM SURGES AHEAD

‘Rock cutting’ – platinum mining of the future?

2014-10-31  Alternative mining methods to conventional platinum mining An estimated 60% of current world platinum production originates from conventional mines with conventional layouts and labour-intensive mining methods. The remaining 40% of production comes from open pit and mechanized underground operations.

(PDF) " PLATINUM EXTRACTION AND PURIFICATION,

Biosorption Pyro Hydrometallurgical Process Mechanical and hydrometallurgical methods have been the traditional methods of recycling waste Printed Circuits Boards.

Methods of recovering platinum-group metals from ...

Synopsis. As part of its strategic and critical minerals program, the U.S. Bureau of Mines investigated methods for beneficiating and recovering platinum-group metals (PGM) from ores found in the Stillwater Complex, the only primary resource of platinum-group metals located in the United States.

platinum mining, mining of platinum, platinum,

2021-3-24  PLATINUM MINING AND EXTRACTION METHODS : The mining of platinum ores is alike gold mining. The platinum orebody is a thin, tabular reef covering a vast area. This enables a progressive method of mining which includes the drilling of the reef and blasting it to advance the face. It combines the increased use of industralization and trackless ...

Platinum Mining at Rustenburg Johnson Matthey

2021-4-28  This article, dealing with the geology of the platinum deposits at Rustenburg, the mining methods in use and the metallurgical treatment of the ore, is abridged from a comprehensive paper presented by the authors to the Seventh Commonwealth Mining and Metallurgical Congress during its technical sessions held in Johannesburg in May.

‘Rock cutting’ – platinum mining of the future?

2014-10-31  rock-cutting mining methods. Suitability of platinum orebodies for rock-cutting methods Overall geological conditions Rock-cutting methods would largely be focused on on-reef mining layouts with little or no infrastructure located outside the reef envelopes. The major economic reefs in the BC are the UG2 and Merensky reefs, which are narrow and

An insight into platinum mining - African Review

2012-2-1  Unlike the other reefs, which are narrow, usually less than one metre thick and mined underground, open-pit methods are used to mine the Platreef, which varies between five and 90 m in thickness. Anglo Platinum has been mining platinum at Mogalakwena, formerly named

How Is Platinum Extracted? - Reference

2020-4-13  Platinum ore can be obtained through controlled explosions or by advanced mining techniques. Once it has been mined, the platinum is extracted from the ore in the same way. The platinum ore is not pure, so it is first crushed. This produces many tiny particles that can be treated.

(PDF) Water accounting methods for platinum mines

Mining is an industry with the potential to further increase water stress. Mining processes consume a huge amount of water as well as lead to the contamination of existing water resources.

Platinum Group Metals to restructure mining

2017-7-10  The restructuring by Platinum Group Metals would involve a change in primary mining method and cost reductions to create a sustainable future for the mine. The changes are operationally driven to align costs with a more gradual ramp-up of production using more selective mining methods.

The Effects of Platinum Mining on the Environment

2006-7-11  Environmental pressure from mining activities such as those from the platinum sector occurs through the fine-grounded slurry from the processing plants, with its associated extracting chemicals that reach the tailings disposal facility (TDF). It is important that the effects of these activities on the environment are examined, especially in South Africa where there is a general paucity on data ...

The Top Platinum Producing Countries In The World -

2017-4-25  However, now newer hybrid mining methods are being used which involves drilling holes and then cleaning the ore using load-haul-dump machines. After mining, the platinum needs to be cleaned to remove traces of other metals. This process is about five times harder than gold cleaning. The Top Five 5. United States (3,650 kg, 2.26% of world's ...

Palladium element extraction method - GREAT MINING

2021-5-7  Platinum Mining. Platinum, is a heavy, malleable,ductile, highly inactive, silverish-white transition metal. Platinum is a member of group 10 elements of the periodic table.It is one among the scarce elements found in Earth's crust and has six naturally occurring isotopes. It

Platinum - Minerals Council South Africa

2021-5-7  Platinum mining in South Africa. In South Africa, the discovery of the first platinum nuggets dates back to 1924. The geologist Hans Merensky’s follow-up work resulted in the discovery of two deposits, each around 100km in length, which became known as the Bushveld Igneous Complex.

‘Rock cutting’ – platinum mining of the future?

2014-10-31  rock-cutting mining methods. Suitability of platinum orebodies for rock-cutting methods Overall geological conditions Rock-cutting methods would largely be focused on on-reef mining layouts with little or no infrastructure located outside the reef envelopes. The major economic reefs in the BC are the UG2 and Merensky reefs, which are narrow and

An insight into platinum mining - African Review

2012-2-1  Unlike the other reefs, which are narrow, usually less than one metre thick and mined underground, open-pit methods are used to mine the Platreef, which varies between five and 90 m in thickness. Anglo Platinum has been mining platinum at Mogalakwena, formerly named

(PDF) Water accounting methods for platinum mines

Mining is an industry with the potential to further increase water stress. Mining processes consume a huge amount of water as well as lead to the contamination of existing water resources.

THE PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF PLATINUM GROUP

2020-1-24  and 2.1 metres and requiring labour-intensive mining techniques. PGM ore is drilled and broken with explosives before being removed through mechanical transportation methods to the surface; electricity consumption is high, the miners’ hand-held pneumatic drills and, because the hard rock in platinum mines has a high thermal gradient,

The Effects of Platinum Mining on the Environment

2006-7-11  Environmental pressure from mining activities such as those from the platinum sector occurs through the fine-grounded slurry from the processing plants, with its associated extracting chemicals that reach the tailings disposal facility (TDF). It is important that the effects of these activities on the environment are examined, especially in South Africa where there is a general paucity on data ...

The Top Platinum Producing Countries In The World -

2017-4-25  However, now newer hybrid mining methods are being used which involves drilling holes and then cleaning the ore using load-haul-dump machines. After mining, the platinum needs to be cleaned to remove traces of other metals. This process is about five times harder than gold cleaning. The Top Five 5. United States (3,650 kg, 2.26% of world's ...

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum

Laterites are complex ores and occur near the surface and mined using surface-mining methods. Laterite ores have three nickel-bearing layers, limonite, smectite and saprolite. Cobalt is also produced from Central African copper—cobalt ores. Platinum group metals are extracted from sulfide ores.

Platinum – Bushveld Complex – ONAFHANKLIK

2019-11-19  Implats exploits platiniferous horizons within the Bushveld Complex in South Africa and the Great Dyke in Zimbabwe. These are the two largest known deposits of platinum group minerals in the world and are unique in terms of geological continuity. Mining mostly takes place as underground operations focusing on relatively narrow mineralised horizons with speciic mining

(PDF) Narrow-reef mechanized mining layout at Anglo ...

Narrow-reef mechanized mining lay out at Anglo American Platinum The results thus far achieved from the XLP production trial clearly demonstrate that higher production levels (>4000